A reactor obviously can’t just be built: all kinds of laws, decisions, regulations, guidelines and plans are required before construction can start. The most decisive are:
- The Nuclear Energy Act (KEW) for the establishment and operation of the PALLAS-reactor. Important parts of the application for the KEW permit are the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and the Safety Report (VR).
- Water Act for all direct water discharges.
- Act on general provisions for environmental law (Wabo) for site activities, such as construction, installation and use.
- Nature Conservation Act for conserving the nature area (Natura 2000).
PALLAS is expected to start preparations for the construction in 2020.
EIA and zoning plan
In 2017, an important step was taken with the submission of the ‘Plan-MER’ (EIA: Environmental Impact Assessment) to the municipality of Schagen. The EIA is an inventory containing all information regarding the environmental impact of the reactor. It is primarily a tool for decision-making government bodies, to help them take the environment into account when deciding on the revision of the zoning plan.
The EIA plan is an extensive and technical document, read the summary here.
In 2019, the zoning plan was approved by the council of the municipality of Schagen. Four appeals were lodged against the zoning plan, but the Council of State ruled in the favor of PALLAS, allowing the construction of the PALLAS-reactor. More information on the Council of State procedure can be found here.
You can read the latest current events regarding the EIA and zoning plan on the municipality of Schagen website.